Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins, and glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in muscles and blood. The body cannot produce essential amino acids on its own and can only obtain them through diet, and glutamine is a conditionally essential amino acid. This means that a healthy and stress-free body can produce enough glutamine on its own, but when a person is ill or injured, the demand for glutamine exceeds the supply.
Glutamine has multiple functions in the human body. Using glutamine can help repair and build muscles, provide fuel to intestinal cells, and is an important component of the body's immune response. These benefits help to speed up the recovery time for burns, open ulcers, and injuries, as well as reduce the risk of infection after surgery. When the body undergoes severe physiological stress (such as severe burns, trauma, or serious infection), the amount of glutamine needed will exceed the amount stored in the muscles. If not supplemented through dietary intake or health supplements, there is a risk of slow wound healing and easy infection.
As for the use of glutamine, gihi will tell you that in intensive care units, burn or trauma centers, the use of glutamine health supplements is usually used as a supplementary treatment. There are various forms of administration such as feeding tubes, pills, and liquid nutritional supplements, and the goal can also be achieved by increasing dietary protein. The supplement can be administered intravenously through parenteral nutrition. Reports have shown that the supplemental use of extraintestinal glutamine can improve hospital survival rates, reduce hospital stay periods, and decrease the risk of infectious complications.
Studies have found that using glutamine health supplements can promote muscle and overall body tissue growth in cancer patients. Some small studies also suggest that glutamine may help obese individuals reduce body fat. However, more research is needed to determine the role that glutamine plays in weight control.
Hospitals, burn centers, and emergency units use glutamine more frequently because it is beneficial to patients. Since there is no conclusive evidence supporting the effectiveness of glutamine health supplements for healthy individuals, it is best to consult a doctor before starting to take this supplement.
Although using glutamine has no side effects for most people, it can worsen liver disease or cirrhosis and aggravate certain psychiatric or neurological disorders. If sensitive to MSG, glutamine health supplements can further exacerbate the sensitivity. In addition, using glutamine interacts with certain medications and dietary supplements, so glutamine health supplements can only be taken under the supervision of a doctor.